Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan – Central Main Island

This article is part five of the series “Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan”

“Teaser” with original itinerary
Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan: Introduction and background
Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan: Naha City, Day One
Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan: Naha City, Day Two
Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan: Central Main Island
Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan: Northern Main Island
Experiencing the exotic in Okinawa, Japan: Tokashiki Island

Taking a beating after breakfast

Alright, I’m exaggerating. But that is what I envisioned when I first read that we would be learning some basic karate first thing this morning. Luckily it wasn’t quite like that…

First things first – my day started with the alarm waking me up from another good night’s sleep. Somehow (more by luck than design, obviously) I seem to have avoided jetlag. After showering and getting dressed I went downstairs to breakfast at the Loisir.

This time the buffet was mixed – meaning there were both Japanese and ‘western’ staples. I went for the former and it was pretty good but nowhere near the standard of the Naha Terrace yesterday. Still, enough to keep me going until lunch.

We had to check out soon afterwards and met in the lobby with our bags where Seiko and our driver were waiting once again.

After loading up we hit the road, this time heading north for the central part of the main island.

This area is where Okinawa almost feels like an American colony – if you drive the coastal road you will pass huge base after huge base; we took the expressway and even then our route took us past several enormous military facilities.

Whatever you think of the politics it is certainly jarring to see such large-scale bases and airfields and row after row of shiny military vehicles behind massive fences right in the middle of what could have been an Okinawan town.

Even more surreal are the locally-owned stores that have sprung up to service the needs of the soldiers – tattoo parlours and taco shops, for example – over the road from the main entrances of each base. Interestingly many visitors come from mainland Japan to Okinawa with the express aim of soaking up a bit of American ‘culture’ at these stores and malls. It does make you wonder what kind of impression of the USA they take home…

To fully understand the scope of the American presence on Okinawa, a few facts are overdue here: US military bases cover some 20% of Okinawa-Honto and a few of the outer islands, employing approximately 27,000 American military personnel. It’s not just these numbers that rile the locals, though – it’s the fact that Okinawa accounts for less than 1% of the Japanese landmass but hosts 75% of the country’s US bases.

But it’s also not that simple for the islanders – thousands of them work for the US military and America provides a major economic boost for what is in fact the poorest of Japan’s prefectures. A lot of younger Okinawans are keen on the weird mix of cultures while many older ones have had enough of the US presence; opinion has bounced from one side to the other in recent decades.

The hot potato right now is the planned relocation of Futenma which is just outside Naha City. The proposed new site is on a pristine beach which has angered both environmentalists and those who want the base off the island entirely. With China’s somewhat aggressive actions in recent years the removal of US soldiers is off the table, and it will be interesting to see how the Okinawa situation is resolved. A compromise is the most likely result and there will be grievances no matter what the outcome.

After an hour or so we turned off the expressway and headed west for the coast at Yomitan and our first stop.

Murasaki Mura

It’s hard to find one term to adequately describe this place – I suppose ‘cultural centre’ will have to do. Built on an area of just under 50,000 m2, Murasaki Mura is a recreation of a traditional Ryukyu settlement that was used as the set for a famous Japanese TV series. Cobbled pathways link the red-tiled buildings and the atmosphere is rather zen-like.

A huge range of activities are available here – visitors can try their hand at painting, glass-blowing, pottery, weaving, candle-making and much more. Horse-riding and go-karting are also on offer, and there is a traditional bath-house and large hotel on the site too.

But we were of course here for an introduction to karate – which began in Okinawa. Interestingly the main instructor here is an Englishman but he was out of town for our visit. We were in the capable hands of other members of his team including an American who you wouldn’t want to mess with…

After changing into our robes which are included in the price for the lesson we were given an introduction into the history and principles of this martial art.

Karate – an Okinawan invention

Karate began as a standard fighting system during the Ryukyu era and evolved with the arrival of large numbers of new islanders coming from mainland China.


We were shown some of the basic moves before it was our turn. Happily full combat was not on the cards as I struggled just to replicate the various blocks and thrusts. But it was all good fun and very educational – and very hot. The humidity was a killer and I was glad I didn’t need to defend myself from anything other than a mild bout of exhaustion.

Training the body to fend off blows without flinching is a vital part of karate. Hitting the forearms and kicking the calves is all part of daily practice to firm up muscles. We didn’t do much of this which was probably just as well…

One of the major developments came as a result of weapons being banned on the island – this led to a need for self-defence using bare hands or whatever implements and farming tools were to hand.

Suffice it to say if you are faced with a karate expert armed with a boat oar or scythes from the fields, you might want to reconsider your strategy. By running away, for example…

Take a look at this video to see what I mean:

To understand karate fully would take an entire blog, not just a blog post. But a one-hour introduction is a great start and I found it fascinating – especially the emphasis on state of mind and respecting the enemy.

It is also an extremely graceful martial art but a highly demanding one – you would need about two years of daily training to just reach ‘competent’ level.

Karate gang

Of course at the end we had to pose for a photo. We don’t look particularly threatening, I’ll admit…

Murasaki Mura, 1020-1 Takashiko, Yomitan Village, Okinawa


It was then time to move on – just ten minutes down the road, to a coral farm.


Coral planting

Coral tank

The Sea Seed Coral Farm is a man-made coral reef and research station where some 50,000 coral nubbins grow. It’s a controlled environment free of predators where coral are cultivated and transplanted back into the sea when strong enough to survive.

Fish in coral tank

The main tank holds 10,000 coral nubbins as well as 10,000 shellfish, 5,000 crustaceans and 1,000 fish which feed off seaweed.

Turtle and us

A very friendly turtle lives here too.

Turtle close-up

As well as observing the coral and other aquatic life visitors to Sea Seed can take part in their efforts by planting coral.

Coral planting equipment

This is what you need – a coral offcut, snipped from a larger specimen, sand, a toothpick-sized stick and a piece of rock as a base.

Coral planting in progress

Fill the hole in the rock with wet sand and insert the coral.

Coral planting final product

Place the coral in the tray underwater and voila – it will then grow here. In two-three years it will spawn and create new life.

This is a fascinating experience and one where guests really feel they are making a difference – however small – to preserving and growing the protected coral reefs of Okinawa.

Sea Seed Coral Farm, 923-1 Takashiko, Yomitan, Nakagami County, Okinawa



Saving the planet is hungry work and lunchtime was approaching. In a change to our itinerary we would now stop at one of Okinawa’s best restaurants following a suggestion from Stefania in our group.

Well I wasn’t about to complain about failing to adhere to the arranged schedule…


It’s safe to say that this is not the sort of place you stumble upon. Located just outside the town of Kin, with no Engish sign and hidden in a thick garden is Garamanjaku.

Lunch restaurant steps

Climbing the steps up to the gardens from the road…

Lunch restaurant exterior entrance

…brings you to the restaurant.

Lunch restaurant door

Make your way inside and you’ll find a wonderful traditional Okinawan family house.

Lunch restaurant entrance

With just one main room for dining, it’s an intimate experience.

Lunch restaurant interior 1

Eating on the floor takes a little getting used to (especially for taller folk such as myself)

Lunch restaurant exterior right

The view of the dining room from outside the building

Lunch restaurant owner

After being presented with the menu we made our choices and our hostess soon brought our food. Using locally-sourced ingredients and spectacular presentation, this is a lunch to remember.

Lunch restaurant food

Words begin to fail me at this point – not just because the food was indescribably tasty, but because I don’t know what most of it was. But let me tell you that this place deserves its reputation and is worth the trip all the way from Naha City.

Garamanjaku, 10507-4 Kin, Kin-Chou-Aza, Kunigami, Okinawa


Ryukyu Mura

Turning back on the expressway towards Yomintan, a half-hour drive brought us to another cultural centre, Ryukyu Mura.

This is a far more touristy ‘Ryukyu Village’ than Murasaki Mura and has a bit of an ‘Okinawan theme park’ feel to it. Nevertheless there is plenty to enjoy and a lot to learn for those with an interest in local history.

We watched a show featuring that lion again, this time demonstrating his prowess at catching:

Ryukyu Village Lion catch 1

It’s in the air…

Ryukyu Village Lion catch 2

…yes! Well done, that lion.

We also watched a snake show – where a trainer teased us with the highly poisonous Hubu – scourge of Okinawa.

Ryukyu Village touch snake

Naturally one of our party had to go that bit further…

Ryukyu Village snake round neck

Rather you than me, Pierre…

This show used to actually involve a mongoose killing a snake – each time – but happily such bloodthirstiness is no longer in vogue.

Ryukyu Mura, 1130 Yamada, Onna Village, Okinawa


Zakimi Castle

We ticked off another UNESCO site next, stopping on our way to the next hotel at Zakimi Castle.

Zakimi-jo UNESCO plaque

The walls and foundations have been rebuilt and it’s worth popping in for the view, too.

Zakimi-jo walls

The castle was built between 1416 and 1422. In World War II, Zakimi was used as a gun emplacement by the Japanese and after the war it was used as a radar station by the US forces. Some of the walls were destroyed in order to install the radar equipment, but they have since been restored.

Zakimi-jo guy dancing

We were treated to an impromptu dance by this character during our visit – I can’t guarantee he’ll be there when you go though.

Then it was time to check in to and check out our hotel for the next two nights.

Hotel Nikko Alivila

This is a huge resort hotel right on the beach with almost 400 rooms and both outdoor and indoor swimming pools. It also has no fewer than two churches for wedding services, should that be of interest.

We were allocated superior double rooms which were spacious but showed a few signs of wear and tear.

Avilia 1

The decor was a little old-fashioned but nothing to complain about.

Avilia 2

It was good to have a mini-bar and the ability to make tea and coffee, although I didn’t use any of it.

Avilia 3

Two wide single beds and a chaise longue – the beds were very comfortable.

Avilia 4

There was plenty of space in the room and a large wardrobe in the entrance hall.

Avilia 5

A flat-screen TV was provided but no proper desk – this is mainly a holiday resort though so not so much for those planning to work, I suppose.

Avilia 6

The bathroom was large, with an enclosed shower and bath like the previous hotel.

Avilia 7

The decor here was very, er, green.

Avilia toilet

The obligatory supertoilet.

Alivila breakfast

Breakfast was very good here (I took the Japanese one as usual – see above) and we also ate dinner at the beachfront restaurant – more on that in the next article.

Overall I liked this resort a lot and would like to spend a little longer so I could try those pools…

Here’s a video of my room so you can see for yourself:

Hotel Nikko Alivila, 600 Aza-Gima, Yomitan-son, Nakagami-gun, Okinawa



Dinner at the local Izakaya

For dinner we drove to a local izakaya (tavern) which turned out to be one of my favourite experiences.

Izakaya 1

At first I was a bit concerned about sitting at such low tables, but the clever thing here was that there were recesses beneath each table for your legs, so it was as comfortable as sitting at a regular height.

Izakaya 3

The food was good but it was the atmosphere I really enjoyed.

Izakaya 2

The izakaya is a laid-back experience for all the family and it was fun to eat together with a broad cross-section of Okinawan locals.

We ended up well under budget as it’s good value too – so we could afford another round or two 🙂

After dessert we returned to the hotel and hit the hay – with the promise of another exciting day tomorrow and the possibility of discovering the key to longevity…

You can read the next part of my Okinawa trip report on the blog soon – so keep checking back or follow on Facebook, Twitter, Google + or Pinterest to find out when it goes live

Andy Higgs
Andy Higgs

I know what it's like to go from being a crazy backpacker without a care in the world, via being a vaguely sensible parent to being an adventurer once more. In other words, evolving into a Grown-up Traveller.

Like everyone else, I love to travel, have visited a lot of countries and all that but my big thing is Africa.

I also own and run The Grown-up Travel Company as a travel designer creating personalised African itineraries for experienced adventurers

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